Protecting the Leadbeater’s Possum

The endangered Leadbeater's Possum is Victoria’s faunal emblem. The species is found only in Victoria, and lives primarily in the ash forests and sub-alpine woodlands of Victoria's central highlands, with a small lowland population to the east of Melbourne.

In 2013, the independent Leadbeater's Possum Advisory Group made recommendations to support the recovery of the possum, while maintaining a sustainable timber industry.

The Advisory Group was co-convened by Zoos Victoria and the Victorian Association of Forest Industries, with representation from Parks Victoria, VicForests, and the Leadbeater's Possum Recovery Team.

The Victorian Government continues to implement the Group’s recommendations and undertakes additional measures to identify and protect Leadbeater's Possum colonies.

Leadebeater's possum held in a human hand. It is small, with a long tail.

Community assistance to protect the Leadbeater's Possum

Leadbeater's Possum survey kit

Three Leadbeater's Possum survey kits are available for loan to community groups and individuals searching for new colonies.

Anyone interested in loaning the equipment is encouraged to attend a training session in Powelltown covering operation of the equipment, site selection, recognised survey techniques and submission of new records.

Register your interest in a training session by emailing

Loan equipment frequently asked questions

Complete the Kit loan application form online

Leadbeater's Possum survey standard

A new Leadbeater's Possum survey standard has been developed to detail the acceptable methods to determine the presence or absence of the possum.

This standard is being applied in targeted surveys to identify new colonies. It also specifies the evidence required from the community when reporting new possum colonies and the process for verification of these records.

Leadbeater's Possum Survey Standard (PDF, 3.6 MB)
Leadbeater's Possum Survey Standard (DOCX, 3.1 MB)

Night vision of Leadbeater's Possum

Footage of Leadbeater's Possum using an artificial tree hollow constructed by arborists.

Leadbeater's Possum interactive map

A range of Leadbeater's Possum spatial information is now available via the Leadbeater's Possum Interactive Map. This user-friendly tool provides public access to the most up-to-date Leadbeater's Possum spatial information, including the location of:

  • Leadbeater's Possum colonies, including pre-existing colony records (since 1998), new colonies identified through targeted surveys and colonies verified from community reports, and their 200 metre radius Special Protection Zones
  • areas where there is a >65% modelled probability of occupancy by Leadbeater's Possums
  • areas where DELWP has undertaken targeted surveys to identify up to 200 new colonies (from February 2015).

Information can be viewed for the Central Highlands overall, for each of the 21 Leadbeater's Management Units within the Central Highlands, or at a more localised level on maps that also provide contextual information such as roads and streams.

The mapping tool will be updated regularly as new data is incorporated into out data bases.

Interactive map
(Map last updated on 3 February 2017)

Interactive map FAQs (RTF, 289.5 KB)

News and publications

Progress for the Leadbeater's Possum Recovery Efforts

The Victorian Government released the Supporting the Recovery of the Leadbeater's Possum: Progress Report December 2016 to provide an update on the Recovery Program of the state's 'critically endangered' faunal emblem.

The report details a number of Leadbeater's Possum recovery milestones delivered over the past two years and since the previous progress report was released in October 2015.

In June 2016, collaborative efforts to protect Leadbeater's Possum between government, agencies and the community reached a milestone with 200 new colonies detected in the state forests of the Central Highlands since the start of the program in 2014.

The new colonies were found through direct input from members of the public via their own survey work. This in turn has resulted in a number of verified communities being identified, including a further 70 records from the community between July and September 2016. Other records have been sourced from DELWP targeted surveys, VicForests pre-harvest surveys and reports submitted by Parks Victoria and Zoos Victoria.

All new Leadbeater's Possum colonies located in state forests have been protected by a 200 metre radius (12.6 hectare) timber harvesting exclusion zone, resulting in an additional 2, 983 hectares reserved to protect Leadbeater's Possums since the program commenced.

Review of 200 metre timber harvesting exclusion zones

A key recommendation from the 2014 Leadbeater's Possum Advisory Group report was the establishment of 200 metre radius timber harvesting exclusion zones around all existing (post-1998) and new, verified records of Leadbeater's Possums in State forest in the Central Highlands.

The Leadbeater's Possum Advisory Group also recommended that a review be undertaken on the effectiveness of this action to support the recovery of Leadbeater's Possum, while also maintaining a sustainable timber industry. The review was recommended to commence after completing two years of surveying, or once 200 new colonies were located in State forest. In June 2016, both of these milestones were met.

The review commenced in late 2016 following key input into its design from DELWP and VicForests.

The objectives of the review are to:

  • document the extent of improved protection for Leadbeater's Possum colonies from the 200 metre exclusion zone rule
  • assess the effectiveness of this additional protection in supporting the species' recovery
  • assess the impact on the timber industry of these additional timber harvesting exclusion zones.

The review will also explore possible alternative options for protecting Leadbeater's Possum colonies, and compare their potential effectiveness for the possum's recovery and impact on the timber industry. 

The review will be limited to exploring alternative ways of protecting individual verified colonies in State forests. 

The review is expected to report in April 2017.  This report will collate and synthesise the evaluation of the benefits to Leadbeater's Possum recovery and impact on industry of this action, and present an exploration of alternative options, to assist in subsequent decision making. The report and the methodology applied will be independently reviewed.

Following preparation of the report, DELWP will then consider the review and the options provided. Any possible changes to the 200 metre buffer rule will be considered in the context of broader forestry and threatened species matters, including possible timber harvesting regulatory changes. Consultation with the community and stakeholders on any proposed changes will be conducted prior to implementation.

The current Planning Standards in the Code of Practice for Timber Harvesting 2014 will continue to apply while the review is being undertaken and any proposed changes are considered. 


Progress Report - December 2016 (PDF, 2.0 MB)
Progress Report - December 2016 (DOCX, 205.5 KB)

Progress Report – October 2015 (PDF, 2.5 MB)
Progress Report - October 2015 (RTF, 156.4 KB)

ARI Targeted Surveys Report 2015 (PDF, 2.3 MB)

Leadbeater's Possum Advisory Group Recommendations Report (PDF, 532.8 KB)

Leadbeater's Possum Advisory Group Technical Report (PDF, 2.3 MB)

Media release

Positive Progress For Leadbeater's Possum Recovery Efforts (23 October 2015)